Terminology

Courtesy and Etiquette

An'nyong Ha Sip Ni Ka  = Hello
Kahm Sa Ham Ni Da  = Thank You
Chun Mhan Eh Yo  = You're Welcome
An'nyong Hi Kye Sip Sio  = Goodbye

Commands in Starting and Ending Class

Cha Ryut  = Attention
Kuk Gi Bay Ray  = Salute the Flag
Ba Ro  = Return
An Jo  = Sit
Muk Nyum  = Meditation
Sa Bom Nim Kay Kyung Ret  = Bow to certified Master Instructor
Kyo Sa Nim Kay Kyung Ret  = Bot to certified Instructor
Sun Beh Nim Kay Kyung Ret  = Bow to senior member(s)
Shim Sa Kwan Nim Kay Kyung Ret  = Bow to Judge or Examiner

Commands in Training

Ku Ryung  = Count
Ku Ryung E Mat Cho So  = By the count
Ku Ryung Up Shi  = Without count
Jhoon Bee  = Ready
Si Jak  = Begin
Gu Man  = Stop
Ba Ro  = Return to ready stance
Shio  = Relax (rest)
E La Sut  = Stand
Dwi Ro  = Look (For a Turn)
Tora  = Turn
Dwi Ro Tora  = Turn to rear
Bal Cha Gi Jhoon Bee  = Ready for kicking
Dasi  = Again or repeat
Choong Gan Jaseh  = Intermediate position
Shi Sun  = Focus of Sight
Ki Hap  = Yell
Ho Hup Cho Chung  = Control of Breathing
Tuel Oh  = Cross Body Technique
Defense  = Mahk Kee
Attack  = Kong Kyuk
Sparring  = Dae Ryun

Areas of Training

Ki Cho  = Basic Motions
Soo Gi  = Hand Techniques
Jok Gi  = Foot Techniques
Hyung  = Forms
Il Soo Sik Dae Ryun  = One-step sparring
Ho Sin Sool  = Self-Defense
Ja Yu Dae Ryun  = Free Sparring
Moo Pahl Dan Khum  = 8 Military Breathing Exercises
Neh Gung  = Internal Energy (Breath and Organs)
Weh Gung  = External Energy (Bone and Muscles)
Shim Gung  = Mental Energy (Mind and Attitude)

General Terminology

Soo Bahk Do  = The Way of the Striking Hand (Name of the art we study)
Soo  = Hand
Bahk  = Strike
Do  = Way
Moo Duk Kwan  = Institute of Martial Virtue (Name of the organization or style)
Moo  = Martial (Prevent Conflict)
Duk  = Virtue
Kwan  = School
Kwan Jang Nim  = Grandmaster, head of Moo Duk Kwan
Sa Bom Nim  = Certified Master Instructor (4th Dan and higher)
Kyo Sa Nim  = Certified Instructor (2nd Dan and higher)
Nim  = A term of respect similar to 'Sir,' 'Ma'am,' or 'Honorable'
Sun Beh (Nim)  = Senior Member
Hu Beh  = Junior Member
Dan  = Degree, holder of midnight blue belt
Gup  = Grade, holder of color belt under midnight blue
Ko Dan Ja  = Senior Dan holder (4th Dan and higher)
Yu Dan Ja  = Dan holder (1st Dan through 3rd Dan)
Dan Bon  = Dan number
Yu Gup Ja  = Gup holder
Kwan Won  = Student Member
Cho Bo Ja  = Beginner
Do Bok  = Uniform
Dee  = Belt
Do Jang  = Training Hall
Wen Jok  = Left
O Rin Jok  = Right
Choong Shim  = Balance
Moo Do Chung Shin  = Martial Arts Spirit
Moo  = Sword or Conflict, Stop or Prevent (Martial or Military Stopping Inner and Outer Conflict)
Shim Sa Kwan Nim  = Testing Board
Kuk Gi  = National Flag
Kwan Gi  = Moo Duk Kwan School Flag

Counting (Bon - Numbers)

English  = Korean
1  = Ha Na
2  = Dool
3  = Set
4  = Net
5  = Da Sot
6  = Yuh Sot
7  = Il Gop
8  = Yo Dull
9  = Ah Hope
10  = Yohl
20  = Sumul
30  = Saryn
40  = Mahun
50  = Shien
60  = Eesun
70  = A Ryn
80  = Yo Dan
90  = A Han
100  = Paek
1,000,000  = Paek Man

English - Chinese

1st  = Il
2nd  = E
3rd  = Sam
4th  = Sa
5th  = O
6th  = Yuk
7th  = Chil
8th  = Pahl
9th  = Gu
10th  = Ship

Stances (Jaseh)

Jhoon Bee Jaseh  = Ready Stance
Chun Gul Jaseh  = Front Stance
Hu Gul Jaseh  = Back Stance
Kee Ma Jaseh  = Horseback Stance
Sa Ko Rip Jaseh  = Side Stance
Dae Ryun Jaseh  = Sparring Stance
Kyo Cha Rip Jaseh  = Cross-legged Stance

Hand Techniques (Soo Gi)

Ha Dan Mahk Kee  = Low Block
Sang Dan Mahk Kee  = High Block
Ahneso Pahkuro Mahk Kee  = Inside to Outside Block
Pahkeso Ahnuro Mahk Kee  = Outside to Inside Block
Chun Gul Ssang Soo Ahneso Pahkuro Mahk Kee  = Two fist middle block
Choong Dan Kong Kyuk  = Middle Punch
Sang Dan Kong Kyuk  = High Punch
Cap Kwon Kong Kyuk  = Backfist Attack
Wheng Jin Kong Kyuk  = Side Punch
Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk  = Spear Hand Pierce Attack
Yup Mahk Kee  = Inside to Outside Block in Back Stance
Choong Dan Soo Do  = Open Hand Middle Block
Ha Dan Soo Do  = Open Hand Low Block
Yuk Jin Kong Kyuk  = Reverse Punch in a Back Stance
Il Ji Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk  = Two Finger Pierce
Ha Dan Ssang Soo Mahk Kee  = Low X Block in Low Stance
Sang Dan Ssang Soo Mahk Kee  = High X Block in Low Stance
Ema Kong Kyuk  = Head Butt
Jip Kye Son  = Plier Hand
Sohn Mok Deung  = Upper Wrist Attack
Pahl Koop Kong Kyuk  = Elbow Attack
Mok Soo Do Kong Kyuk  = Neck Chop
Bal Ja Ba Mahk Kee  = Cup Hand Block

Foot Techniques (Jok Gi)

Ahp Cha Nut Gi  = Front Kick
Yup Podo Cha Gi  = Side Kick
Ahp Podo Oll Ri Gi Cha Gi  = Front Strectch Kick
Ahneso Pahkuro Cha Gi  = Inside to Outside Kick
Dull Ryo Cha Gi  = Roundhouse Kick
Dwi Podo Cha Gi  = Spin Back Kick
Moo Roop Cha Gi  = Knee Kick
Dwi Ahneso Pahkuro Cha Gi  = Spin inside outside kick
Peet Cha Gi  = Reverse Roundhouse Kick
Yup Hu Ri Gi Cha Gi  = Hock Kick

Movement

Jin  = Movement
Chun Jin  = Forward Movement
Wheng Jin  = Sideways movement
Hu Jin  = Backward movement
Yuk Jin  = movement with opposite hand and foot forward

Five Factors of Technique

1. Kyong  = Basic Values
2. Kin  = Effort and Sincerity
3. Kyong  = Wisdom
4. Kun  = Courage and Confidence
5. Jul  = Keen Judgment

Anatomy

Pahl  = Arm
Chu Mok  = Fist
Da Ri  = Legs
Pahl Koop  = Elbow
Tuk  = Chin
Ko Whan  = Groin
Myung Chi  = Solar Plexus
In Choong  = Between Mouth and Nose
Jok  = Foot
Hu Ri  = Waist
Soo  = Hand
Moo Roop  = Knee
Eema  = Forehead
Dan Jun  = Abdomen

Korean Dynasties

Kokuryo (37 BC-668 AD) Earliest records of Soo Bahk Do and the thirteen Shaolin Monks.
Silla (668-935) Hwarang Warriors and Hwon Kwon Bopsa the nation became unified.
Ko Ryo (935-1392) Decline of the Hwarang
Yi (1392-1907) Moo Yei Do Bo Tong Ji, Tae Kyun
Japanese Occupation
(1907-August 15, 1945)
Martial Arts Outlawed
Korean Independence
(1945-Present)

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